They serve as communication and transport links between the island's river settlements.
Tectonically , Indonesia is highly unstable, making it a site of numerous volcanoes and frequent earthquakes. Apart from the Republic of Indonesia, all these constituent entities, which had populations between , and 11 million, were established by the Dutch. The crafts of Indonesia vary in both medium and art form. The shelf is bounded on the south and west by deep-sea trenches, such as the Java Trench about 24, feet [7, metres] deep at its lowest point , which form the true continental boundary. This means that all the country's natural resources and the national potentials should be utilized for the greatest possible good and happiness of the people. There are total number of 17, islands of which about are inhabited. The leaders of these regions then established the Federal Consultative Assembly. Other constituent states are shown in blue. In the agricultural sector, Indonesia has become self sufficient in rice and does not need to import this staple food as it had for years. The report also indicates that Indonesia's performance is among the lowest in the Asia-Pacific region. The Sunda Shelf in the vicinity of the Java Sea has relatively low relief, contains several coral reefs, and is not volcanic. Foreign currencies, either banknotes or travellers cheques, are easily exchanged at banks and money changers in major tourist destinations. Upon the Amendment of the Constitution, the membership of the MPR starting the period of , was amended to include not only the members of the parliament DPR but also the members of the DPD. It reflects the spirit, and vigor of the time when the constitution was shaped. In , the Netherlands introduced the Dutch Ethical Policy , which had the purpose of improving living conditions and welfare, expanding education to native peoples,  and preparing the archipelago for self-government under Dutch control.
Sumatra, much larger than Java, has less than a third of its people. Ethnically the country is highly diverse, with over languages and dialects—but only 13 have more than one million speakers. Two days after the surrender of JapanSukarno and Hatta proclaimed Indonesian independence on 17 August   and were selected as the country's first President and Vice-President respectively.
The belief in one God 2.
Geography of Indonesia Indonesia is the largest archipelago in the world. It further states, inter alia, that Indonesia's national independence shall be established in the unitary state of the Republic of Indonesia with sovereignty vested in the people. It is advisable to carry sufficient amounts of Rupiah when traveling to smaller towns or outer provinces. The island of Borneo and the island arc that includes Sumatra, Java, Bali, and the Lesser Sunda chain sit on the Sunda Shelf , a southward extension of the continental mass of Asia. The International Union for Conservation of Nature IUCN identified species of mammals as threatened , and 15 as critically endangered, including the Bali starling ,  Sumatran orangutan ,  and Javan rhinoceros. These are the sacred values of Pancasila which, as a cultural principle, should always be respected by every Indonesian because it is now the ideology of the state and the life philosophy of the Indonesian people. On the contrary, they should work according to their abilities and fields of activity. The present day culture of Indonesia is an outcome of the interplay of old-age- traditions from the time of early migrants and the Western thought brought by Portuguese traders and Dutch colonists. The Netherlands attempted to re-establish their rule, and an armed and diplomatic struggle ensued. They serve as communication and transport links between the island's river settlements. Indonesians are separated by seas and clustered on islands. Biodiversity Species endemic to Indonesia.
They arrived around 2, BCE, and as they spread through the archipelago, confined the indigenous Melanesians to the far eastern regions. The RUSI comprised sixteen main entities: seven states negaraincluding the "Republic of Indonesia" consisting of parts of Java and Sumatra a combined population of over 31 million ; and the nine formerly directly-ruled territories neo-lands, Dutch : neo-landschappen.
Nevertheless, a centralized government and a common language have provided Indonesia with some sense of unity.
However, many Indonesian nationalists believed that the Dutch had insisted on a federal state in an attempt to weaken or even break up the new nation, a manifestation of a "divide and conquer" strategy. Indonesia is a vast equatorial archipeago of 17, islands extending 5, kilometers 3, miles east to west, between the Indian and Pacific Oceans in Southeast Asia. Indonesia is rich in natural resources. Also included were a number of smaller entities not seen as viable as distinct political entities. Exports: oil and gas, electrical appliances, plywood, textiles, rubber. Typhoons and large scale storms pose little hazard to mariners in Indonesian waters; significant dangers come from swift currents in channels, such as the Lombok and Sape straits. Social Media.
The former caused 92, deaths and created an umbrella of volcanic ash which spread and blanketed parts of the archipelago, and made much of Northern Hemisphere without summer in TectonicallyIndonesia is highly unstable, making it a site of numerous volcanoes and frequent earthquakes. The relation between these three landmasses is not clearly understood.
Protection should prevent willful treatment by the strong and ensure the rule of justice. These factors have created a highly diverse environment and society that sometimes seem united only by susceptibility to seismic and volcanic activityclose proximity to the sea, and a moist, tropical climate.
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