Fort duquesne

Smith was again surrounded by a multitude of savages, painted in various colors, and shouting with delight; but their demeanor was by no means as pacific as that of the last party he had encountered.

In addition, the position was dominated by highlands across the Monongahela River, which would allow an enemy to bombard the fort with ease.

A fort at the fork would be equally well situated on the Ohio, and have the entire command of the Monongahela, which runs up our settlement, and is extremely well designed for water carriage, as it is of a deep, still nature.

Pittsburgh was, however, a vital staging ground for numerous military expeditions against the western Indians, and in was, for three months, held under siege during the Indian uprising known as Pontiac's War.

Twelve British regulars were brought back to Fort Duquesne along with booty from the battle. This action set off a chain of events that led to all-out war between the European powers for control of not only the Ohio River Valley, but for all of colonial North America. From that place the General sent Mr.

Construction of a stockade, called Fort Prince George, was begun. About fifty Indians pursued us to the river, and killed several men in the passage. Bythe English had secured practically all of France's possessions in North America.

Fort duquesne map

Besides, a fort at the fork might be built at much less expense than the other place. They overwhelmed McDonald's decoy force and overran the party that had been meant to ambush them. Fort Duquesne[ edit ] On September 11, , Grant led over men to scout the environs of Fort Duquesne ahead of Forbes' main column. The land at the point is twenty-five feet above the common surface of the water; and a considerable bottom of flat well timbered land all around it very convenient for building. Half a million acres of land, mostly on the south side of the Ohio River between the Monongahela and Kenhawa Rivers, were granted. For the following three years, Fort Duquesne served as a base of operations for French-sponsored Indian attacks on the Pennsylvania and Virginia frontiers as the British struggled to recapture their former possessions. Control of the river junction would threaten the French hold on the entire Northwestern frontier. General Braddock died of his wounds on July 13, four days after the battle, and was buried on the military road near Fort Necessity. The French argued that the traders were dealing weapons and contraband in an effort to incite the local tribes to unite against their rule. In the meantime, the British colonies to the east often granted land indefinitely to the west, setting the scene for conflict. The place of action was covered with trees and much underwood upon the left, without any opening but the road, which was only about twelve feet wide. George Washington , now a General and an assistant to Forbes, had his Indian scouts dispatched to gather intelligence on the condition of the fort. The advancing British heard the explosion ten miles away.

Others, including some with business interests in Pennsylvania, urged the construction of a new road through the central portions of that colony.

His companions in the mean time stood in a group near the stake, and had a foretaste of what was in reserve for each of them. Two detachments numbering men lay in wait, on the Monongahela side of the fort and on the Allegheny side, to ambush the enemy when they responded to the ploy.

battle of fort duquesne george washington

He was instructed to pass the fords of the Monongahela and to take post after the second crossing, to secure the passage of that river. Clair, were ordered to march on until three.

Why was fort duquesne important

Clair was ordered to march at four o'clock, with a detachment of men, to make the roads for the artillery and baggage, which was to march with the remainder of the troops at five. He was instructed to pass the fords of the Monongahela and to take post after the second crossing, to secure the passage of that river. They were soon joined by a small detachment of French regulars, and the whole party marched off together. After a few hours of fighting, the French offered to let the overmatched British provincials walk away if they agreed to leave the Ohio Country for a year. They ambushed the French, and the battle ended with one Virginian and fourteen Frenchmen dead, including Jumonville. The approaching soldiers could heard the explosions from ten miles away. Control of the river junction would threaten the French hold on the entire Northwestern frontier. An initial decision to delay the offensive until the next spring was forced by deteriorating weather conditions. The design was reproduced from a composite drawing, using various figures taken from an etching by T. The newly obtained site was renamed after the governor of New France , Marquis Duquesne , and built up further by the French Army to follow the model of another of their forts, Fort Frontenac in Ontario. More Information:. At last, Lieutenant Colonel Burton got together about of the 48th regiment, and prevailed upon them, by the General's order, to follow him toward the rising ground on the right, but he being disabled by his wounds, they faced about to the right and returned.
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French Fort Duquesne